20240419 101952

Thermal Equilibrium

Two systems are said to be in thermal equilibrium with each other, if they have the same temperature. Let two gases A and B contained in two different vessels. Let the pressure and volume of the gases be (PA and PB) and (VA and VB) respectively. If the two vessels are separated by an adiabatic […]

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20240419 101907

Thermodynamic Equilibrium

A system is said to be in the state of Thermodynamic equilibrium, if the microscopic variables describing the thermodynamic state of the system do not change with time. We consider a gas inside a closed rigid container completely insulated from the surroundings. If the pressure, volume, temperature, mass and composition of gas do not change

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Thermodynamics is a branch of science that deals with the concept of heat and temperature and the inter-conversion of heat and other forms of energy. It mainly deal with the transformation of heat into mechanical work and vice versa. (I) Thermodynamic System An assembly of a very large number of particles having a certain value

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