CBSE Class 12 Political Science Most Important 1 Marks Questions With Answers

In this article, we have provided most Important Questions and answers for CBSE Class 12 Political Science board examinations 2022-23. These important questions have been designed by subject experts and focusing on the latest changes in the syllabus according to new session.

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CBSE Class 12 Political Science Most Important 1 Marks Questions With Answers
CBSE Class 12 Political Science Most Important 1 Marks Questions With Answers

Political Science 1 Mark Questions With Answers

Q1. What is the full form of N.P.T and NATO

Ans. Non Proliferation Treaty. North Atlantic Treaty Organisation.

Q2. Name two members of the Axis Power.

Ans. Gemany. Japan

Q3. What is the full form of START ?

Ans. Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty signed between the USA and Soviet Union.

Q4. Correct and rewrite the statement given :The Soviet Union led Warsaw Pact troops invaded Poland in August 1968 to curb unrest.

Ans. The Soviet Union led Warsaw Pact troops invaded Czechoslovakia in August 1968 to curb unrest.

Q5. Which of the following is presently not a member of NATO : Albania, Denmark, Iceland, Slovenia, Turkey, Mexico?

Ans. Mexico.

Q6. India has signed a 20 year Treaty of Peace and Friendship with which country?

Ans. USSR/Russia.

Q7. Which was considered a ‘third option’ by Third World countries ?

Ans. NAM was considered a ‘third option’ by Third World countries

Q8. The First online summit of NAM was held in the year …………

Ans. 2020

Q9. Which of the following was not a member of SEATO ?

  • U.S.S.R.
  • New Zealand
  • Pakistan
  • Australia


Q10. The Military alliance formed by USSR was

  • Warsaw Pact
  • NATO
  • NAM

Ans. Warsaw Pact

Q11. Which among the following is not an outcome of the disintegration of the USSR

  • end of the ideological war between the US and
  • the birth of CIS
  • Russia became a permanent member of the security council
  • internal unrest in Tunisia and Arab

Ans. internal unrest in Tunisia and Arab Spring.

Q12. Correct and rewrite the statement : Algeria was the birthplace of the Arab Spring.

Ans. Tunisia was the birthplace of the Arab Spring.

Q13. What is the full form of CIS?

Ans. Commonwealth of Independent States.

Q14. What do you understand by Glasnost ?

Ans. Glasnost means : openness and refers to government transparency and increased freedom of expression.

Q15. How many bilateral agreements were signed between India and Russia as a part of the Indo Russia strategic agreement of 2001 ?

Ans. 80 bilateral agreements signed. (bilateral, economic interaction, Textiles, leather, Information Technology, telecommunications, tourism, food processing Information power construction etc.)

Q16. What is Gulf war ?

Ans. Gulf war occurred when the UNO decided to liberate Kuwait from Iraqi occupation by using military force. A huge coalition force of 34 countries fought against Iraq and defeated it. This war came to be popularly known as the Gulf War.

Q17. Which former Soviet Republic was the first to declare its independence from the Soviet Union in 1990 ?

Ans. Lithuania was the first to declare that it was an independent Nation.

Q18. Which one of the following was a part of its global war on terrorism by the u.s.

  • Operation Desert Storm
  • Operation Infinite Reach
  • Operation Enduring Freedom

Ans. Operation Enduring Freedom

Q19. Democratization makes a government more_________towards its citizens and increases their participation in decision a mking process of the country.

Ans. accountable

Q20. Operation Iraqi freedom was started in the year 1990.

Ans. 2003

Q21. When did the American supremacy begin?

Ans. In 1991, after the disintegration of the Soviet Union.

Q22. What is Pentagon?

Ans. US Defense Headquarters.

Q23. Write the expansion of IMF. 

Ans. International Monetary Fund. 

Q24. Mention any one way to avoid American supremacy.

Ans. The policy of hiding oneself. 

Q25. Correct the sentence – M.B.A. The degree of military supremacy of the US reflects. 

Ans. MBA The degree reflects America’s economic supremacy. 

Q26. Which terrorist group was held responsible for the 9/11 incident? 

Ans. Al Qaeda 

Q27. When did the first Gulf War take place? 

Ans. In 1991 

Q28. Who led the military operation called Operation “Desert Storm”? 

Ans. American General Norman Schwarzkov. 

Q29. By what name was the worldwide war against terrorism known? 

Ans. Operation Enduring Freedom. 

Q30. Against which country was the Coalition of Willings formed under American leadership? 

Ans. Iraq.

Q31. Which war came to be known as the Video Game War? 

Ans. First Gulf War (1991) 

Q 32. What is Band Wagon Policy? 

Ans. Instead of opposing the dominant country, took advantage of the opportunities of its system. 

Q33. What is the New World Order? 

Ans. Allowing the military operation against Iraq by the United Nations. 

Q34. Against whom was Operation Infinite Reach launched?

Ans. Against Al Qaeda

Q35. The European Union was formed by the_______treaty.

Ans. Treaty of Maastricht

Q36. Currently, ASEAN countries have_________members.

Ans. 10

Q37. What is the name of the currency of the European Union?

  • Dollar
  • Pound
  • Rouble
  • Euro

Ans. Euro

Q38. Put the mark of right(/) or wrong (X) in the given statement.

Britain is a member of BRICS

Ans. Wrong (X)

Q39. Write the full form of SAFTA.

Ans. South Asian Free Trade Agreement

Q40. In which years China became a member of WTO?

  • a) 1972
  • b) 1982
  • c) 1998
  • d) 2001

Ans. 2001

Q41. In which year China announced the open door policy

a) 1972

b) 1974

c) 1976

d) 1978

Ans. 1978

Q42. How long constitutional monarchy remained in Nepal?

Ans. 2006

Q43. In which country of South Asia, India has played an important role in its independence?

  • Sri Lanka
  • Nepal
  • Bhutan
  • Bangladesh

Ans. Bangladesh

Q44. ________the party dominates Maldives.

Ans. Maldivian Democratic Party (MDP)

Q45. When did Sri Lanka get Independence?

  • 1946
  • 1947
  • 1948
  • 1949

Ans. 1948

Q46. Who represented the mass struggle of East Pakistan?

Ans. Sheikh Mujib

Q47. Siachen dispute is between which two countries?

Ans. India & Pakistan

Q48. Which treaty was signed by India and Pakistan In 1960?

Ans. Indus Water Treaty

Q49. In which year U.N.O was established?

Ans. 24 October 1945.

Q50. Write True or False.

INDIA is the permanent nember of security council.

Ans. False

Q51. W.T.0 is serving as the successor of ?

Ans. General agreement on Trade and Tariffs

Q52. When was the world bank established?

  • 1940
  • 1944
  • 1950
  • 1955

Ans. 1944

Q53. Write a full form of UNESCO.

Ans. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation(UNESCO)

Q54. Name the present Secretary General of U.N.O.

Ans. Antonio Guterres.

Q55. Where is I.C.J located ?

Ans. The Hague(Netherlands).

Q56. From the following treaties , choose the right option for the treaty related to disarmanent :-

I) 1992, chemical weapon treaty convention (CWC)

II) N.P.T.

III) Biological weapon convention (BWC) 1972

IV) Kyoto Protocol

  • I, II,III
  • I, II,IV
  • II, III,IV
  • I,II, III,IV

Ans. a) I, II,III

Q57. Examples global threats include

  • Poverty
  • Migration
  • Epidemic
  • All above

Ans. All Above

Q58. The war between China and India occured in?

  • 1947—1948
  • 1962
  • 1965
  • 1997

Ans. 1965

Q59. Those who have to left their homes inside the national border are called___________.

Ans. Internally migrated

Q60. ____________is called the system to deal with the danger of violence within a country and also outside of a country

Ans. Government

Q61. comes under political human rights.

Ans. Freedom of expression

Q62. Write full form of N.P.T.

Ans. Non Proliferation Treaty

Q63. When was the Rio Summit held ?

  • 1992
  • 1997
  • 2002
  • 2004

Ans. a) 1992

Q64. There have been violent conflicts among countries over this Shared_______resource.

Ans. Water.

Q65. The main reason to have hole in the ozone layer is the lack of gas.

Ans. Ozone.

Q66. What do you mean by global warming?

Ans. The rise in the earth’s temperature due to environmental degradation.

Q67. Correct the following statements and rewrite them .

  • Kyoto protocol was held in 1992.
  • First Earth summit was held in South Africa


  • a) Kyoto protocol was held In 1997
  • b) First Earth Summit was held in Brazil

Q68. What Is agenda 21?

Ans. A list of development practices was recommended at the Rio conference. It was called Agenda 21.

Q69. Mention any two consequences of Rio Summit.


  • a) Global Warming emerged as a matter of concern.
  • b) The emphasis on sustainable development

Q70. What was the reason for exempting India and China from the obligations of Kyoto Protocol?

Ans. India and China did not contribute much to the emission of greenhouse gases.

Q71. What is the biggest threat to the existance of the Indigenous inhabitants?

Ans. The forests arc depleting and the number of wildlife animals are disappearing

Q72. Write any two reasons for the continuous reduction in the size of the world’s common Wealth.


  • a) Indiscriminate tapping
  • b) Increasing population

Q73. Define globalisation .

Ans. Globalisation is the flow of ideas capital commodities and people across the globe.

Q74. Expand WSF.

Ans. World social forum

Q75. Globalisation is a _____________ phenomenon.

Ans. Multidimensional

Q76. Which of the statements are true about the causes of globalisation:

  • Technology is an important cause of globalisation.
  • Globalisation is caused by a particular community of people
  • Globalisation originated in the US.
  • Economic interdependence alone causes globalisation.

Ans. Technology Is an important cause of globalisation

Q77. State whether the following statements are true or false:

  • Globalisation deals with flows of ideas, capital, commodities and people.
  • Some economists have described economic globalisation as decolonization of the world.


  • True
  • False

Q78. When did india adopt new economic policy?

Ans. 1991

Q79. The first meeting of WSF was held in?

Ans. 2001

Book – 2 स्वतन्त्र भारत में राजनीति

One Marker Questions:-

Q1. Who delivered the speech “Tryst with destiny”?

Ans. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru.

Q2. Who was the first Chief Election Commissioner of India?

Ans. Sukumar Sen.

Q3. Who is known as Frontier Gandhi?

Ans. Abdul Ghaffar Khan.

Q4. At the time of freedom, the number of Princely states in India was______  

Ans. Approx…565

Q5. When was the State Reorganization Commission constituted ?

  • 1947
  • 1950
  • 1953
  • 1957

Ans. 1953

Q6. Who is known as Iron Man of India ?

Ans. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.

Q7. Choose True or False for the given statement. Statue of Unity is located in Rajasthan.

Ans. False

Q8. Correct and rewrite the following sentences.

“The Bharatiya Jana Sangh was founded by Acharya Narendra Dev.” 

Ans. Dr. Syama Prasad Mukherjee

Q9. Fill in the blanks. The party came second in the first election to the ………….. Lok Sabha by winning 16 seats. 

Ans. Communist Party of India

Q10. Which system of governance was adopted in India after independence?

Ans. Democratic governance system

Q11. Who became the first Indian Governor General of India? 

Ans.  Rajagopalachari

Q12. On which idea did the Bharatiya Jana Sangh emphasize? 

Ans. One Country One Culture One Nation

Q13. What was the symbol of Congress in the first general election? 

Ans. pair of two oxen

Q14. The dominance of one party in India was related to which political party? 

Ans. Congress Party

Q15. Who has said this statement “The feeling of hero worship in politics leads directly to downfall”? 

Ans. B. R. Ambedkar

Q16. What was the total time taken for campaigning, polling and counting of votes for the first general election? 

Ans. six months

Q17. In 1957, under the leadership of which party the government was formed in the state of Kerala?

Ans. Communist Party of India

Q18. Which political party stood second in terms of vote share in the first general election? 

Ans. Samajwadi Party

Q19. Which period of Indian politics is called ‘Congress-system’?

Ans. 1950

Q20. Which socialist leader declined the invitation to join the interim government? 

Ans. Jai Prakash Narayan

Q21. Who was the founder of the theory of holistic humanism? 

Ans. Deendayal Upadhyay

Q22. Who was the first Indian and the founder of the Swatantra Party to be honored with the Bharat Ratna? 

Ans. Rajagopalachari

Q23. What do you understand by one party dominance? 

Ans. Where there is dominance of one party under multi-party system, in such a system voters give more importance to only one party.

Q24. Choose the author of the book ‘Economy of permanence’.

  • C. Kumarappa
  • C. Mahalanobis
  • Vargis Kurian
  • S. Swaminathan

Ans.  J.C. Kumarappa

Q25. What is the full form of NITI in NITI aayog?

Ans. National institution for transforming India.

Q26. Mention main objective of plannings in India.

Ans. Economic development of the country.

Q27. Fill in the blank-

___________is the ex-officio chairman of the National Development council.

Ans. Prime-Minister

Q28. After independence India followed which of the followoing models for economic development-

  • Socialist
  • Capitalist
  • Mixed
  • Marxist

Ans. Mixed

Q29. Correct the following sentence-

Bombay plan was prepared in the year 1942.

Ans. Bombay Plan was prepared in the year 1944.

Q30. Write the time period of 12th five year plan in India

Ans. 2012-2017

Q31. Which article of Indian constitution lays down some Directive Principles of State Policy on promotion of international peace and security?

  • Article 351
  • Article 51
  • Article 368
  • Article 68

Ans. Article 51

Q32. Write full form of NPT.

Ans. Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty

Q33. Fill in the blanks:-

China conducted a nuclear test in          

  • October 1962
  • October 1964
  • October 1968
  • November 1964

Ans. October 1964

Q34. To whom did India provide political asylum in 1959?

Ans. Dalai Lama

Q35. Tashkent agreement is signed between these two countries?.

  • Pakistan and India
  • China and India
  • India and USSR
  • India and USA

Ans. Pakistan and India

Q36. Which state is called NEFA?

  • Assam
  • Arunachal Pradesh
  • Andhra Pradesh
  • Sikkim

Ans. Arunachal Pradesh

Q37. When did India conduct its first nuclear test?

  • 1974
  • 1978
  • 1992
  • 1998

Ans. 1974

Q38. Which of the following is not a correct statement regarding India’s Nuclear doctrine:

  • The basic principle of India’s nuclear doctrine is “No First Use“.
  • Nuclear weapons will only be used in retaliation against a nuclear attack on the Indian Territory or on Indian forces anywhere.
  • India will use nuclear weapons against non-nuclear countries.
  • India did it first Nuclear Test in the year 1974.

Ans. India will use nuclear weapons against non-nuclear countries.

Q39. Tashkent Agreement was done between which two countries?

Ans. India and Pakistan

Q40. Name the state where a non congress party formed government in 1967 elections.

Ans. Kerala

Q41. The Election Commission of India was formed in _____________.

Ans. January 1950

Q42. The split in congress took place in the year:

  • 1962
  • 1965
  • 1967
  • 1969

Ans. 1969

Q43. Which period of Indian politics was called the congress system?

Ans. 1950

Q44. In which year the fifth general election of Lok sabha was held?

  • 1971
  • 1980
  • 1984
  • 1967

Ans. 1980

Q45. Which was the second largest party in 1967 elections?

Ans. Swatantr party

Q46. Who advocated “Chuburja Rajneeti” in politics.

  • Jai Prakash Narayan
  • Deen Dayal Upadhaya
  • Ram Manohar Lohia
  • Yogendra Yadav

Ans. Ram Manohar Lohia

Q47. Fill in the blanks

First domocratic upsurge started from___________.            

Ans. 1990s

Q48. Correct the following sentence-

“Integral Humanism” was advocated by Jai Prakash Narayan.

Ans. Deen Dayal Upadhayay

Q49. Which of the following upsurges is based upon the concept of Survival of the ablest-

  • First
  • Second
  • Third

Ans. Third

Q50. First time National Emergency was imposed in India on 25th June 1975.

Ans. Wrong

Q51. What do you understand by National Emergency?

Ans. Meaning of Emergency- A period of governance that can be proclaimed by the President of India during certain crisis situations under the advice of the cabinet of ministers is known as Emergency. Basically its purpose is to safeguard the sovereignty, unity, integrity and security of the country along with the democrat’ political system and the Constitution. Provisions of Emergency are mentioned in the (PART XVIII) Article 352-360 of the Indian Constitution.

Q52. What was the main objective of socialism propounded by Ram Manohar Lohia.

Ans. The economic objective in form of food and housing and the non-economic object in form of democracy and freedom.

Q53. Who founded the Dalit Panthers ?

Ans. Arjun Dhale, Namdeo Dhasal.

Q54. Give the full form of NFF:

Ans. National Fishworkers Fourm.

Q55. Name the two major dams constructed on the river Narmada.

Ans. Sardar Sarovar Project(Gujarat) and Narmada Sagar Project (Madhya Pradesh).

Q56. State whether the following statement is true of false: The main strength of social movements lie in their mass base cutting across social sections.

Ans. True

Q57. Sunderlal Bahaguna is associated with which social movement?

Ans. Chipko Movement.

Q58. When was the Right to Information Act passed?

Ans. 2005

Q59. What is BAMCEF?

Ans. The All India Backward and Minority Communities Employees Federation founded by Kanshi Ram.

Q60. Baba Amte is associated with which Movement?

Ans. Narmada Bachao Andolan.

Q61. Put a mark of right or wrong against the following sentence:- Naxalbari movement is a non-party based movement.

Ans. False(X)

Q62. Which of the following state is not benefited by the Sardar Sarovar Dam build on the river Narmada:

  • Gujrat
  • Rajasthan
  • Maharashtra
  • Tamil Nadu

Ans. Tamil Nadu

Q63. Correct the following statements and rewrite them;

  • The Dravidian movement started in Andhra Pradesh
  • Jammu Kashmir was given special status under article 373.


  • The Dravidian movement started in Tamil Nadu
  • Jammu Kashmir was given special status under article 370

Q64. Goa was under its colonial rule even after 1947:

  • Dutch
  • Portugal
  • British
  • None of the above

Ans. Portuguese

Q65. Akali dal is a regional party of which state?

  • Haryana
  • Himachal Pradesh
  • Uttar Pradesh
  • Punjab

Ans. Punjab

Q66. Who was the ruler of Jammu Kashmir at the time of independence?

  • Hari Singh
  • Harichand
  • Hari Ram
  • HariLal

Ans. Hari Singh

Q67. Who was the founder leader of the Mizo Notional front?

Ans. Laldenga

Q68. What was the popular slogan of the Dravidian movement?

Ans. ‘The north thrives eve as the south decays’

Q69. When was Goa freed from Portugal?

Ans. 1961

Q70. Fill in the b1anks:-

The founder of Bahujan Samaj party was­­­­­­______.

Ans. Kanshi Ram

Q71. In which year Congress Party non 415 seats in Lok Sabha elections?

  • 1980
  • 1984
  • 1989
  • 2004

Ans.  1984

Q72. Rajiv Gandhi was assassinated by the Sri Lankan Tamil linked to the LITE in which year?

  • 1989
  • 1990
  • 1991
  • 1992

Ans. 1991

Q73. Who was the prime minister when Mandal Commission’s recommendations were implemented?

  • K.Gujral
  • Devegowda
  • Manmohan Singh
  • V P Singh

Ans. VP Singh

Q74. In which year India adopted New Economic Policy?

  • 1990
  • 1991
  • 1992
  • 1993

Ans. 1991

Q75. In India, the Era of Coalition Government started in which year?

  • 1984
  • 1989
  • 1991
  • 2000

Ans. 1989

Q76. Write full form of OBC.

Ans. Other Backward Class

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